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Forming Your Hypothesis

Learning about a phenomenon and forming hypotheses are the foundations of a research study. 

It is important to have a thorough understanding of the research area, as you must be sure the questions you are asking are appropriate and addressing gaps in the current knowledge. 

To make sure your research is inclusive from the very beginning, consider these actions:

- 1 -

Read widely. Look at the literature you have covered so far and consider the authors- for example, it is easy to only read research from the Global North without even realising! Your reading should cover research from insititutions around the world and from a diverse range of identities. If applicable, look for research conducted by people with lived experience of the topic.

If your reading is inclusive of all identities, you will have a far greater understanding of the topic than if you focus on only the 'key' publications. 

- 2 -

Consider if your hypotheses overlook any groups, or inherently make assumptions that are not generalisable.

- 3 -

Think about the data you will need to collect to test your hypotheses. Are the 'standard' techniques or methodologies appropriate?

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